Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Nordische Philologie 2023.5

Stew­ards, Sol­diers and Court Offi­cials: Three Scan­di­na­vian Ele­ments in the Lan­guage of Old Russ­ian Law
BuchcoverThe present vol­ume is ded­i­cat­ed to Scan­di­na­vian lex­i­cal bor­row­ings in Old Russ­ian, a top­ic, that has been dis­cussed for almost 300 years, and approach­es the issue from dif­fer­ent points of view. In the first part of the book, the author deals with the spe­cif­ic prob­lems that any researcher of this sub­ject nec­es­sar­i­ly has to meet, being the so-called Varangian con­tro­ver­sy over the begin­nings of Rus­sia that has had a strong ide­o­log­i­cal impact on the results of many hith­er­to pub­li­ca­tions and that is far from closed even today. The sec­ond part com­pris­es a lin­guis­tic analy­sis of three bor­row­ings in Old Russ­ian legal lan­guage that belong to a group of his­tor­i­cal terms, denot­ing ranks in social and admin­is­tra­tive hier­ar­chy. The book aims for the most objec­tive pos­si­ble and crit­i­cal approach based on con­sci­en­tious and thor­ough work with pri­ma­ry sources. Its atten­tion is focused espe­cial­ly on his­tor­i­cal-seman­tic devel­op­ment of the cho­sen words, reveal­ing a fas­ci­nat­ing tale of their jour­ney through the whole Euro­pean con­ti­nent, going back to sur­pris­ing­ly ancient times.
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From pseu­do-rel­a­tives to causative con­struc­tions: Scan­di­na­vian lan­guages as a case study
BuchcoverThis vol­ume pro­pos­es a nov­el struc­tur­al analy­sis for causative con­struc­tions, offer­ing a solu­tion for the long-stand­ing mono/bi-clausal dual­ism. Causatives are claimed to instan­ti­ate a ‘com­plex object’ con­struc­tion, inso­far as the causee is not only the sub­ject of the lex­i­cal verb, but also a par­tic­i­pant that is relat­ed to the whole event. Fur­ther­more, the analy­sis reveals that the real­iza­tion of causatives implies a cru­cial inter­play with the pseu­do-rel­a­tive con­struc­tion, a much-debat­ed struc­ture as well. Data from Scan­di­na­vian lan­guages are high­light­ed, through the results of an exper­i­men­tal test on the scope of nega­tion and adverbs sup­port­ing the present analy­sis. The book offers a cross-lin­guis­tic per­spec­tive as it dis­cuss­es the rel­e­vant con­struc­tions in lan­guages includ­ing Ital­ian, Eng­lish, French, Por­tuguese and Span­ish.
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