Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2021.8

Jus­tice in Print: Dis­cov­er­ing Pre­fec­tur­al Judges and Their Judi­cial Con­sis­ten­cy in Late-Ming Case­books
BuchcoverIn Jus­tice in Print: Dis­cov­er­ing Pre­fec­tur­al Judges and Their Judi­cial Con­sis­ten­cy in Late-Ming Case­books, Ka-chai Tam argues that the pre­fec­tur­al judge in the judi­cia­ry of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) became cru­cial to uphold­ing jus­tice in Chi­nese soci­ety.
In light of two late Ming case­books, name­ly the Meng­shui zhai cun­du (盟水齋存牘) by Yan Jun­yan and the Zheyu xinyu (折獄新語) by Li Qing, Ka-chai Tam demon­strates that the late Ming judges han­dled their cas­es with a high lev­el of con­sis­ten­cy in judi­cial rea­son­ing and prac­tice in every type of case, despite their dif­fer­ing regions and lit­er­ary styles. Equipped with rel­a­tive insti­tu­tion­al inde­pen­dence and grow­ing pro­fes­sion­al­ism, they played an indis­pens­able role in check­ing and guar­an­tee­ing the legal per­for­mance of their sub­or­di­nate mag­is­trates.
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The­mat­ic struc­ture and para-syn­tax: Ara­bic as a case study
BuchcoverThe­mat­ic Struc­ture and Para-Syn­tax: Ara­bic as a Case Study presents a struc­tur­al analy­sis of Ara­bic, pro­vid­ing an alter­na­tive to the tra­di­tion­al notions of theme and rheme.
Tak­ing Ara­bic as a case study, this book claims that approach­es to the­mat­ic struc­ture pro­pound­ed in uni­ver­sal­ist lin­guis­tic the­o­ries, of which Hal­l­i­dayan sys­temic func­tion­al lin­guis­tics is tak­en as an illus­tra­tive exam­ple, are pro­found­ly wrong. It argues that in order to pro­duce an analy­sis of the­mat­ic struc­ture and sim­i­lar phe­nom­e­na which is not under­mined by its own the­o­ret­i­cal pre­sup­po­si­tions, it is nec­es­sary to remove such notions from the domain of lin­guis­tic and semi­otic the­o­ry. The book ini­tial­ly focus­es on Sudanese Ara­bic, because this allows for a beau­ti­ful­ly clear expo­si­tion of gen­er­al prin­ci­ples, before apply­ing these prin­ci­ples to Mod­ern Stan­dard Ara­bic, and some oth­er Ara­bic vari­eties.
This book will be of inter­est to schol­ars in Ara­bic lin­guis­tics, lin­guis­tic the­o­ry, and infor­ma­tion struc­ture.
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