Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2022.10

Ara­bic dis­lo­ca­tion
BuchcoverSince the ear­ly years of gen­er­a­tive gram­mar (Chom­sky 1977, inter alia), the phe­nom­e­nol­o­gy of dis­lo­ca­tion has proved to be a fer­tile area of research. This, how­ev­er, has not been the case for Mod­ern Stan­dard Ara­bic (MSA), and hence this thor­ough mono­graph intends to fill this lacu­na. Three aspects of this lin­guis­tic phe­nom­e­non stand out: the tax­on­o­my of pos­si­ble dis­lo­cat­ed con­fig­u­ra­tions, syn­tax and inter­pre­ta­tion. Though the struc­ture in itself has been exten­sive­ly stud­ied in var­i­ous lan­guages, includ­ing vari­eties of spo­ken Ara­bic, this mono­graph shows that MSA presents prop­er­ties that set it apart from known vari­eties and can­not be cap­tured by an exten­sion or mod­i­fi­ca­tion of exist­ing analy­ses. More­over, exist­ing analy­ses are not ful­ly sat­is­fac­to­ry as there are open ana­lyt­i­cal ques­tions regard­ing the inter­pre­ta­tion and syn­tac­tic analy­sis of dis­lo­ca­tion struc­tures crosslin­guis­ti­cal­ly. Par­tic­u­lar­ly, the opti­mal path to fol­low con­cern­ing dis­lo­ca­tion struc­tures in MSA is to argue for the claim that con­trast, as an infor­ma­tion-struc­tur­al notion, under­lies the inter­pre­ta­tion of dis­lo­cat­ed ele­ments, and these ele­ments are best syn­tac­ti­cal­ly ana­lyzed as being involved in a bisen­ten­tial con­fig­u­ra­tion, con­tra mon­o­clausal approach­es to dis­lo­ca­tion. This mono­graph should be rel­e­vant to any­one with an inter­est in the Ara­bic lan­guage, and also to syn­tac­ti­cians and typol­o­gists with an inter­est in sen­tence struc­ture.
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The cul­ture of lan­guage in Ming Chi­na: sound, script, and the rede­f­i­n­i­tion of bound­aries of knowl­edge
BuchcoverThe schol­ar­ly cul­ture of Ming dynasty Chi­na (1368–1644) is often seen as pri­or­i­tiz­ing phi­los­o­phy over con­crete tex­tu­al study. Nathan Vedal uncov­ers the pre­oc­cu­pa­tion among Ming thinkers with spe­cial­ized lin­guis­tic learn­ing, a field typ­i­cal­ly asso­ci­at­ed with the intel­lec­tu­al rev­o­lu­tion of the eigh­teenth cen­tu­ry. He explores the col­lab­o­ra­tion of Con­fu­cian clas­si­cists and Bud­dhist monks, opera libret­tists and cos­mo­log­i­cal the­o­rists, who joined forces in the pur­suit of a uni­ver­sal the­o­ry of lan­guage.
Draw­ing on a wide range of over­looked schol­ar­ly texts, lit­er­ary com­men­taries, and ped­a­gog­i­cal mate­ri­als, Vedal exam­ines how Ming schol­ars posi­tioned the study of lan­guage with­in an inter­con­nect­ed nexus of learn­ing. He argues that for six­teenth- and sev­en­teenth-cen­tu­ry thinkers, the bound­aries among the worlds of clas­si­cism, lit­er­a­ture, music, cos­mol­o­gy, and reli­gion were far more flu­id and porous than they became lat­er. In the eigh­teenth cen­tu­ry, Qing thinkers pared away these oth­er fields from lin­guis­tic learn­ing, cre­at­ing a dis­ci­pline focused on cor­rob­o­rat­ing the lin­guis­tic fea­tures of ancient texts.
Doc­u­ment­ing a major trans­for­ma­tion in knowl­edge pro­duc­tion, this book pro­vides a frame­work for rethink­ing glob­al ear­ly mod­ern intel­lec­tu­al devel­op­ments. It offers a pow­er­ful alter­na­tive to the con­ven­tion­al under­stand­ing of late impe­r­i­al Chi­nese intel­lec­tu­al his­to­ry by focus­ing on the meth­ods of schol­ar­ly prac­tice and the bound­aries by which con­tem­po­rary thinkers defined their field of study.
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