Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Anglistik 2023.6

The Hid­den His­to­ry of Coined Words
BuchcoverHow are words coined? That pro­vides the focus of The Hid­den His­to­ry of Coined Words. Based on exten­sive research, its author, Ralph Keyes, has deter­mined that suc­cess­ful neol­o­gisms are as like­ly to be cre­at­ed by chance as by inten­tion. A remark­able num­ber were coined whim­si­cal­ly, to taunt, even to prank. Mis­ce­gena­tion result­ed from a hoax, suf­fragette to dis­par­age rad­i­cal suf­frag­ists. Wise­crack­ing pro­duced sci­en­tist, and crowd­source. More than a few neol­o­gisms result­ed from hap­py acci­dents such as typos, mis­trans­la­tions, and mis­heard words (like bigly, and but­ton­hole). Isaac Asi­mov intro­duced robot­ics in a sto­ry with­out real­iz­ing it was his own coinage. Many of the word coin­ers Keyes writes about come from unlike­ly quar­ters. Neol­o­giz­ers (a Thomas Jef­fer­son coinage) include not just learned schol­ars and lit­er­ary lions but car­toon­ists, colum­nists, children’s authors. Wimp orig­i­nat­ed in an ear­ly 20th cen­tu­ry children’s book series called The Wymps, goop from a series about The Goops. Nerd first appeared in Dr. Seuss’s 1950 book If I Ran the Zoo. South African Gen­er­al Jan Smuts, an archi­tect of what became apartheid, coined the word holism in 1926. Com­pet­ing claims to have coined terms such as gonzo, affluen­za, and yup­pie are assessed, as are epic bat­tles fought between new word par­ti­sans and those who think we have enough words already. A con­clud­ing chap­ter assess­es how words are suc­cess­ful­ly coined and become part of the lex­i­con.
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Writ­ers, Edi­tors and Exem­plars in Medieval Eng­lish Texts
BuchcoverThis col­lec­tion of essays explores the lit­er­ary lega­cy of medieval Eng­land by exam­in­ing the writ­ers, edi­tors and exem­plars of medieval Eng­lish texts. In order to bet­ter under­stand the human agency, cre­ativ­i­ty and forms of sanc­ti­ty of medieval Eng­land, these essays inves­ti­gate both the pro­duc­tion of medieval texts and the peo­ple whose hands and minds cre­at­ed, altered and/or pub­lished them. The chap­ters con­sid­er the writ­ings of major authors such as Chaucer, Gow­er and Wyclif in rela­tion to texts, authors and ideals less well-known today, and in light of the trans­la­tion and inter­pre­tive repro­duc­tion of the Bible in Mid­dle Eng­lish. The essays make some texts avail­able for the first time in print, and exam­ine the roles of his­tor­i­cal schol­ars in the con­struc­tion of medieval Eng­lish lit­er­a­ture and tex­tu­al cul­tures. By doing so, this col­lec­tion inves­ti­gates what it means to recov­er, study and rep­re­sent some of the key medieval Eng­lish texts that con­tin­ue to influ­ence us today.
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