Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2020.10


From Sib­away­hi to ‚Ahmad Hasan al-Zayy­at: New angles on the Ara­bic lin­guis­tic tra­di­tion
From Sib­away­hi to ?A?mad ?asan al-Zayy­at: New Angles on the Ara­bic Lin­guis­tic Tra­di­tion, a vol­ume edit­ed by Bea­ta Shey­ha­tovitch and Almog Kash­er, brings togeth­er nine arti­cles writ­ten by lead­ing schol­ars of the Ara­bic lin­guis­tic tra­di­tion. These arti­cles trace the devel­op­ment of the tra­di­tion, from Sib­away­hi to mod­ern Ara­bic lan­guage acad­e­mies. The authors shed light on less­er-known aspects of this tra­di­tion, such as lit­tle-inves­ti­gat­ed gram­mat­i­cal struc­tures, and prob­lem­at­ic spots of the ?amal the­o­ry and the gram­mat­i­cal ter­mi­nol­o­gy. They explore the discipline’s rela­tions with styl­is­tics and log­ic, the Arab gram­mar­i­ans’ influ­ence on Jew­ish Bible exe­ge­sis, and mod­ern appli­ca­tions of medieval Ara­bic gram­mat­i­cal the­o­ry. This vol­ume show­cas­es the rich­ness of the medieval Ara­bic lin­guis­tic lit­er­a­ture and the diver­si­ty of ideas found with­in it.
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A phono­log­i­cal his­to­ry of Chi­nese
The phono­log­i­cal his­to­ry of Chi­nese can be traced back to two main tra­di­tions: one start­ing with the Qieyun of 601, and the oth­er start­ing with the Zhongyuan Yinyun of 1324. The for­mer marks the begin­ning of Mid­dle Chi­nese, and the lat­ter marks the begin­ning of Old Man­darin. Both of these sys­tems, as well as recon­struct­ed Old Chi­nese, should be under­stood as ide­al phono­log­i­cal stan­dards and com­pos­ite in nature. Until mod­ern times, phono­log­i­cal stan­dards were nev­er based strict­ly on the phonol­o­gy of a sin­gle dialect. This book pro­vides the first study writ­ten in Eng­lish, of the phono­log­i­cal his­to­ry of Chi­nese. It pro­vides infor­ma­tion about the stan­dard phono­log­i­cal sys­tems for each of the language’s major his­tor­i­cal peri­ods, draw­ing on a range of his­tor­i­cal mate­ri­als such as dic­tio­nar­ies, rhyming tables and poet­ry, and is the ref­er­ence book for under­stand­ing the key devel­op­ments in the Chi­nese sound sys­tem.
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