Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2022.4

The Rout­ledge Hand­book of Ara­bic and Iden­ti­ty
BuchcoverThe Rout­ledge Hand­book of Ara­bic and Iden­ti­ty offers a com­pre­hen­sive and up-to-date account of stud­ies that relate the Ara­bic lan­guage in its entire­ty to iden­ti­ty. This hand­book offers new tra­jec­to­ries in under­stand­ing lan­guage and iden­ti­ty more gen­er­al­ly and Ara­bic and iden­ti­ty in par­tic­u­lar.
Split into three parts, cov­er­ing ‘Iden­ti­ty and Vari­a­tion’, ‘Iden­ti­ty and Pol­i­tics’ and ‘Iden­ti­ty Glob­al­i­sa­tion and Diver­si­ty’, it is the first of its kind to offer such a per­spec­tive on iden­ti­ty, link­ing the social world to iden­ti­ty con­struc­tion and includ­ing issues per­tain­ing to our cur­rent polit­i­cal and social con­text, includ­ing Ara­bic in the dias­po­ra, Ara­bic as a minor­i­ty lan­guage, pid­gin and cre­oles, Ara­bic in the glob­al age, Ara­bic and new media, Ara­bic and polit­i­cal dis­course.
Schol­ars and stu­dents will find essen­tial the­o­ries and meth­ods that relate lan­guage to iden­ti­ty in this hand­book. It is par­tic­u­lar­ly of inter­est to schol­ars and stu­dents whose work is relat­ed to the Arab world, polit­i­cal sci­ence, mod­ern polit­i­cal thought, Islam and social sci­ences includ­ing: gen­er­al lin­guis­tics, soci­olin­guis­tics, dis­course analy­sis, anthro­po­log­i­cal lin­guis­tics, anthro­pol­o­gy, polit­i­cal sci­ence, soci­ol­o­gy, psy­chol­o­gy, lit­er­a­ture media stud­ies and Islam­ic stud­ies.
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The Lex­i­cal Field of the Sub­stan­tives of „Word“ in Ancient Hebrew: From the Bible to the Mish­nah
BuchcoverJew­ish Monothe­ism is built on a fun­da­men­tal assump­tion: God has spo­ken to the Jews and com­mand­ed them to fol­low His law. But what exact­ly are – “God’s words”?
This mono­graph exam­ines the notion of “word” in Ancient Judaism from the Bible to the Mish­nah – from Scrip­ture to this promi­nent Hebrew law hand­book redact­ed at the begin­ning of 3rd cen­tu­ry c.e. It explores the notion of human and divine “word” and its trans­for­ma­tion in the nar­ra­tive, legal, poet­i­cal, and the­o­log­i­cal pieces of Jew­ish lit­er­a­ture. It pays par­tic­u­lar atten­tion to the seman­tic evo­lu­tions of all those sub­stan­tives that des­ig­nate a “word” or any oth­er rel­e­vant ele­ment of speech that both humans and God use to com­mu­ni­cate with each oth­er.
The mono­graph offers an analy­sis of the word field of the sub­stan­tives of “word” from a dou­ble per­spec­tive – a lin­guis­tic and a cul­tur­al one. On the one hand it relies on Euge­nio Coseriu’s seman­tics and on the dis­sem­i­nat­ed notion of “Hebrew func­tion­al lan­guages.” It starts from the pre­sup­po­si­tion that every term has its own mean­ing only due to its con­nec­tion with oth­er terms – called “lex­i­cal field.” It also argues that Hebrew can be divid­ed into sev­er­al “func­tion­al lan­guages” that have dif­fer­ent social and com­mu­nica­tive func­tions: a nar­ra­tive, legal, poet­i­cal, and per­for­ma­tive one.
On the oth­er hand, the mono­graph also takes into account the recep­tion his­to­ry of Scrip­ture through its main ancient trans­la­tions into Greek, Ara­ma­ic, and Syr­i­ac. In doing so, the mono­graph exam­ines the word field of the sub­stan­tives of “word” also from a cul­tur­al per­spec­tive and shows the evo­lu­tion of this fun­da­men­tal por­tion of Jew­ish lit­er­a­ture.
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