Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2023.4

Brush con­ver­sa­tion in the sino­graph­ic cos­mopo­lis: inter­ac­tion­al cross-bor­der com­mu­ni­ca­tion using lit­er­ary Sinitic in ear­ly mod­ern East Asia
BuchcoverFor hun­dreds of years until the 1900s, in today’s Chi­na, Japan, North and South Korea, and Viet­nam, literati of Clas­si­cal Chi­nese or Lit­er­ary Sinitic (wényán 文言) could com­mu­ni­cate in writ­ing inter­ac­tive­ly, despite not speak­ing each other’s lan­guages.
This book out­lines the his­tor­i­cal back­ground of, and the mate­r­i­al con­di­tions that led to, wide­spread lit­er­a­cy devel­op­ment in pre­mod­ern and ear­ly mod­ern East Asia, where read­ing and writ­ing for for­mal pur­pos­es was con­duct­ed in Lit­er­ary Sinitic. To exem­pli­fy how ‘silent con­ver­sa­tion’ or ‘brush-assist­ed con­ver­sa­tion’ is pos­si­ble through writ­ing-medi­at­ed brushed inter­ac­tion, syn­chro­nous­ly face-to-face, this book presents con­tex­tu­al­ized exam­ples from recur­rent con­texts involv­ing (i) boat drifters; (ii) trav­el­ing literati; and (iii) dip­lo- mat­ic envoys. Where pro­found knowl­edge of clas­si­cal canons and lit­er­ary works in Sinitic was a shared attribute of the brush-talk­ers con­cerned, their brush-talk would char­ac­ter­is­ti­cal­ly be inter­twined with poet­ic impro­vi­sa­tion.
Being the first mono­graph in Eng­lish to address this fas­ci­nat­ing lin­gua-cul­tur­al prac­tice and cross-bor­der com­mu­ni­ca­tion phe­nom­e­non, which was pos­si­bly sui gener­is in Sino­graph­ic East Asia, it will be of inter­est to stu­dents of not only East Asian lan­guages and lin­guis­tics, his­to­ry, inter­na­tion­al rela­tions, and diplo­ma­cy, but also (his­tor­i­cal) prag­mat­ics, soci­olin­guis­tics, soci­ol­o­gy of lan­guage, scripts and writ­ing sys­tems, and cul­tur­al and lin­guis­tic anthro­pol­o­gy.
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Finite-state com­pu­ta­tion­al mor­phol­o­gy: an ana­lyz­er and gen­er­a­tor for Geor­gian
BuchcoverThis hand­book pro­vides a com­pre­hen­sive account of cur­rent research on the finite-state mor­phol­o­gy of Geor­gian and enables the read­er to enter quick­ly into Geor­gian mor­phosyn­tax and its com­pu­ta­tion­al pro­cess­ing. It com­bines lin­guis­tic analy­sis with appli­ca­tion of finite-state tech­nol­o­gy to pro­cess­ing of the lan­guage. The book opens with the author’s syn­op­tic overview of the main lines of research, cov­ers the prop­er­ties of the word and its com­po­nents, then moves up to the descrip­tion of Geor­gian mor­phosyn­tax and the mor­pho­log­i­cal ana­lyz­er and gen­er­a­tor of Geor­gian.
The book com­pris­es three chap­ters and accom­pa­ny­ing appen­dices. The aim of the first chap­ter is to describe the mor­phosyn­tac­tic struc­ture of Geor­gian, focus­ing on dif­fer­ences between Old and Mod­ern Geor­gian. The sec­ond chap­ter focus­es on the appli­ca­tion of finite-state tech­nol­o­gy to the pro­cess­ing of Geor­gian and on the com­pi­la­tion of a tok­eniz­er, a mor­pho­log­i­cal ana­lyz­er and a gen­er­a­tor for Geor­gian. The third chap­ter dis­cuss­es the test­ing and eval­u­a­tion of the analyzer’s out­put and the com­pi­la­tion of the Geor­gian Lan­guage Cor­pus (GLC), which is now acces­si­ble online and freely avail­able to the research com­mu­ni­ty.
Since the devel­op­ment of the ana­lyz­er, the field of com­pu­ta­tion­al lin­guis­tics has advanced in sev­er­al ways, but the major­i­ty of new approach­es to lan­guage pro­cess­ing has not been test­ed on Geor­gian. So, the orga­ni­za­tion of the book makes it eas­i­er to han­dle new devel­op­ments from both a the­o­ret­i­cal and prac­ti­cal view­point.
The book includes a detailed index and ref­er­ences as well as the full list of mor­phosyn­tac­tic tags. It will be of inter­est and prac­ti­cal use to a wide range of lin­guists and advanced stu­dents inter­est­ed in Geor­gian mor­phosyn­tax gen­er­al­ly as well as to researchers work­ing in the field of com­pu­ta­tion­al lin­guis­tics and focus­ing on how lan­guages with com­pli­cat­ed mor­phosyn­tax can be han­dled through finite-state approach­es.
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