Aus unseren Neuerwerbungen – Sprachen und Kulturen Asiens, Afrikas und Ozeaniens 2023.7

Philol­o­gy and the appro­pri­a­tion of the world: Champollion’s hiero­glyphs
BuchcoverThis book sheds new light on the work of Jean-François Cham­pol­lion by uncov­er­ing a con­stel­la­tion of epis­te­mo­log­i­cal, polit­i­cal, and mate­r­i­al con­di­tions that made his deci­pher­ment of Egypt­ian hiero­glyphs pos­si­ble. Champollion’s suc­cess in under­stand­ing hiero­glyphs, first pub­lished in his Let­tre à M. Daci­er in 1822, is emblem­at­ic for the tri­umphant achieve­ments of com­par­a­tive philol­o­gy dur­ing the 19th Cen­tu­ry. In its attempt to under­stand human­i­ty as part of a grand his­to­ry of progress, Champollion’s con­cep­tion of ancient Egypt belongs to the uni­ver­sal­is­tic aspi­ra­tions of Euro­pean moder­ni­ty. Yet pre­cise­ly because of its suc­cess, his project also reveals the costs it entailed: after exam­in­ing and wel­com­ing acqui­si­tions for the emerg­ing Egypt­ian col­lec­tions in Europe, Cham­pol­lion trav­elled to the Nile Val­ley in 1828/29, where he was shocked by the dam­age that had been done to its ancient cul­tur­al sites. The let­ter he wrote to the Egypt­ian viceroy Mehmet Ali Pasha in 1829 demands that exca­va­tions in Egypt be reg­u­lat­ed, denounces Euro­pean loot­ing, and rep­re­sents per­haps the first doc­u­ment to make a case for the inter­na­tion­al pro­tec­tion of cul­tur­al goods in the name of human­i­ty.
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Numer­al clas­si­fiers and clas­si­fi­er lan­guages: Chi­nese, Japan­ese, and Kore­an
BuchcoverFocus­ing main­ly on clas­si­fiers, Numer­al Clas­si­fiers and Clas­si­fi­er Lan­guages offers a deep inves­ti­ga­tion of three major clas­si­fi­er lan­guages: Chi­nese, Japan­ese, and Kore­an. This book pro­vides detailed dis­cus­sions well sup­port­ed by empir­i­cal evi­dence and cor­pus analy­ses. The­o­ret­i­cal hypothe­ses regard­ing dif­fer­ences and com­mon­al­i­ties between numer­al clas­si­fi­er lan­guages and oth­er main­ly arti­cle lan­guages are test­ed to seek uni­ver­sals or typo­log­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics. The essays col­lect­ed here from lead­ing schol­ars in dif­fer­ent fields promise to be great­ly sig­nif­i­cant in the field of lin­guis­tics for sev­er­al rea­sons. First, it tar­gets three rep­re­sen­ta­tive clas­si­fi­er lan­guages in Asia. It also pro­vides crit­i­cal clues and sug­gests solu­tions to syn­tac­tic, seman­tic, psy­cho­log­i­cal, and philo­soph­i­cal issues about clas­si­fi­er con­struc­tions. Final­ly, it address­es ensu­ing debates that may arise in the field of lin­guis­tics in gen­er­al and neigh­bor­ing inter-dis­ci­pli­nary areas. This book should be of great inter­est to advanced stu­dents and schol­ars of East Asian lan­guages.
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