Open-Access-Bücher zu den Digital Humanities

In der let­zten Zeit sind u.a. diese frei ver­füg­baren Titel erschienen:

Computerlinguistische Datierung schriftsprachlicher chinesischer Texte

Tilman Schalmey

Die chro­nol­o­gis­che Einord­nung von Tex­ten kann für Authen­tiz­itäts­forschung und Exegese entschei­dend sein. Die Datierung schrift­sprach­lich­er chi­ne­sis­ch­er Quellen kann u. a. durch Imi­ta­tion antik­er Vor­bilder und unklare Urhe­ber­schaft erschw­ert wer­den. Dieses Buch unter­sucht erst­mals die Entwick­lung und Anwen­dung com­put­ergestützter Meth­o­d­en für die Datierung chi­ne­sis­chsprachiger Quellen. Dabei ermöglicht eine lex­em­basierte Meth­ode, der stilis­tis­chen Rigid­ität der Schrift­sprache zu begeg­nen und unter­stützt damit die philol­o­gis­che Arbeit. Zudem wer­den der Sprach­wan­del, die Eig­nung dig­i­taler Meth­o­d­en für die Unter­suchung Klas­sis­ch­er Texte und das Hanyu da cid­i­an 漢語大詞典 als wichtige Daten­quelle für lexiko­graphis­che Datierung unter­sucht.

From Handwriting to Footprinting: Text and Heritage in the Age of Climate Crisis

Anne Bail­lot

How do we cur­rent­ly pre­serve and access texts, and will our cur­rent meth­ods be sus­tain­able in the future?

In From Hand­writ­ing to Foot­print­ing, Anne Bail­lot seeks to answer this ques­tion by offer­ing a detailed analy­sis of the meth­ods that enable access to tex­tu­al mate­ri­als, in par­tic­u­lar, access to books of lit­er­ary sig­nif­i­cance. Bail­lot mar­shals her con­sid­er­able exper­tise in the field of dig­i­tal human­i­ties to estab­lish a philo­log­i­cal overview of the chang­ing bound­aries of ‘access’ to lit­er­ary her­itage over cen­turies, decon­struct­ing the west­ern tra­di­tion of archiv­ing and how it has led to cur­rent dig­i­tal dis­sem­i­na­tion prac­tices. Rig­or­ous­ly exam­in­ing the neg­a­tive envi­ron­men­tal impact of dig­i­tal pub­lish­ing and archiv­ing, Bail­lot pro­pos­es an alter­na­tive mod­el of preser­va­tion and dis­sem­i­na­tion which rec­on­ciles fun­da­men­tal tra­di­tions with the val­ues of social respon­si­bil­i­ty and sus­tain­abil­i­ty in an era of cli­mate cri­sis.

Inte­grat­ing his­tor­i­cal, archival and envi­ron­men­tal per­spec­tives, From Hand­writ­ing to Foot­print­ing illu­mi­nates the impact that digi­ti­sa­tion has had on the dis­sem­i­na­tion and preser­va­tion of tex­tu­al her­itage and reflects on what its future may hold. It is invalu­able read­ing for any­one inter­est­ed in tex­tu­al his­to­ry from a lin­guis­tic or philo­log­i­cal per­spec­tive, as well as those work­ing on pub­lish­ing, archival and infra­struc­ture projects that require the stor­ing and long-term preser­va­tion of texts, or who want to know how to devel­op a more mind­ful attach­ment to digi­tised mate­r­i­al.

The Riddle of Literary Quality: A Computational Approach

Kari­na van Dalen-Oskam
zur gedruck­ten Aus­gabe im ULB-Kat­a­log­Plus

What is lit­er­a­ture? Can we mea­sure ‘lit­er­ari­ness’ in texts them­selves? The inno­v­a­tive Com­pu­ta­tion­al Human­i­ties project The Rid­dle of Lit­er­ary Qual­i­ty asked thou­sands of Dutch read­ers for their opin­ion about con­tem­po­rary Dutch and trans­lat­ed nov­els. The pub­lic shared which nov­els they had read, what they real­ly thought of them, and how they judged their qual­i­ty. Their judg­ments of the same nov­els were com­pared with the results of com­pu­ta­tion­al analy­sis of the books.

Using evi­dence from almost 14,000 read­ers and build­ing on more tex­tu­al data than ever before, Van Dalen-Oskam and her team uncov­ered uncon­scious bias­es that shed new light on prej­u­dices many peo­ple assumed no longer exist­ed. This mono­graph explains in an acces­si­ble way how the project unfold­ed, which meth­ods were used, and how the results may change the future of Lit­er­ary Stud­ies.

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