Open-Access-Bücher zur Sprachwissenschaft

In der let­zten Zeit sind u.a. diese frei ver­füg­baren Titel erschienen:

The Open Handbook of Linguistic Data Management

Andrea L. Berez-Kroek­er, Bradley McDon­nell, Eve Koller, Lau­ren B. Col­lis­ter |

A guide to prin­ci­ples and meth­ods for the man­age­ment, archiv­ing, shar­ing, and cit­ing of lin­guis­tic research data, espe­cial­ly dig­i­tal data. “Doing lan­guage sci­ence” depends on col­lect­ing, tran­scrib­ing, anno­tat­ing, ana­lyz­ing, stor­ing, and shar­ing lin­guis­tic research data. This vol­ume offers a guide to lin­guis­tic data man­age­ment, engag­ing with cur­rent trends toward the trans­for­ma­tion of lin­guis­tics into a more data-dri­ven and repro­ducible sci­en­tif­ic endeav­or. It offers both prin­ci­ples and meth­ods, pre­sent­ing the con­cep­tu­al foun­da­tions of lin­guis­tic data man­age­ment and a series of case stud­ies, each of which demon­strates a con­crete appli­ca­tion of abstract prin­ci­ples in a cur­rent prac­tice.

In part 1, con­trib­u­tors bring togeth­er knowl­edge from infor­ma­tion sci­ence, archiv­ing, and data stew­ard­ship rel­e­vant to lin­guis­tic data man­age­ment. Top­ics cov­ered include imple­men­ta­tion prin­ci­ples, archiv­ing data, find­ing and using datasets, and the val­u­a­tion of time and effort involved in data man­age­ment. Part 2 presents snap­shots of prac­tices across var­i­ous sub­fields, with each chap­ter pre­sent­ing a unique data man­age­ment project with gen­er­al­iz­able guid­ance for researchers. The Open Hand­book of Lin­guis­tic Data Man­age­ment is an essen­tial addi­tion to the toolk­it of every lin­guist, guid­ing researchers toward mak­ing their data FAIR: Find­able, Acces­si­ble, Inter­op­er­a­ble, and Reusable.

Ten Lectures on Diachronic Construction Grammar

Mar­tin Hilpert | | unter „Ergänzende Unter­la­gen“ gibt es Audioaufze­ich­nun­gen der Vor­lesun­gen

In this book, Mar­tin Hilpert lays out how Con­struc­tion Gram­mar can be applied to the study of lan­guage change. In a series of ten lec­tures on Diachron­ic Con­struc­tion Gram­mar, the book presents the the­o­ret­i­cal foun­da­tions, open ques­tions, and method­olog­i­cal approach­es that inform the con­struc­tion­al analy­sis of diachron­ic process­es in lan­guage. The lec­tures address issues such as con­struc­tion­al net­works, com­pe­ti­tion between con­struc­tions, shifts in col­lo­ca­tion­al pref­er­ences, and dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion and attrac­tion in con­struc­tion­al change. The book fea­tures analy­ses that uti­lize mod­ern cor­pus-lin­guis­tic method­olo­gies and that draw on cur­rent the­o­ret­i­cal dis­cus­sions in usage-based lin­guis­tics. It is rel­e­vant for researchers and stu­dents in cog­ni­tive lin­guis­tics, cor­pus lin­guis­tics, and his­tor­i­cal lin­guis­tics.

Bringing Stories to Life: Animacy in narrative and processing

Thi­js Trompe­naars |

What does it mean to be alive? An age-old ques­tion, and not one this the­sis will pre­tend to answer. Instead, we will be explor­ing the many ways in which life enters into our lan­guage. We refer to this as ani­ma­cy, a lin­guis­tic dis­tinc­tion between liv­ing and non-liv­ing enti­ties. Ani­ma­cy has been wide­ly suc­cess­ful as an expla­na­tion for gram­mat­i­cal vari­a­tion, but we note that a sim­ple dis­tinc­tion between ani­mate and inan­i­mate is ill-equipped to han­dle the incred­i­ble cre­ative poten­tial of lan­guage – in our sto­ries, we read­i­ly trans­form inan­i­mate objects like peanuts, paint­ings and toys into liv­ing, breath­ing char­ac­ters. We have cho­sen to take these trans­for­ma­tions seri­ous­ly, using nar­ra­tive as the lens through which we may enrich the mean­ing of lin­guis­tic life.

This the­sis shows through a series of stud­ies that lin­guis­tic ani­ma­cy is indeed not a dis­tinc­tion between liv­ing and non-liv­ing enti­ties, but rather an expres­sion of how alive we con­sid­er enti­ties to be. This con­sid­er­a­tion, it turns out, is influ­enced by many fac­tors, some of which may be derived from the lin­guis­tic con­text. We demon­strate that sto­ries can bring objects to life through lin­guis­tic means; specif­i­cal­ly, through the ascrip­tion of Agency and Expe­ri­ence. Agency and Expe­ri­ence – being able to act on and per­ceive the envi­ron­ment – are two roles strong­ly asso­ci­at­ed with life, and we con­clude that this behav­iour is cen­tral to the lin­guis­tic expres­sion of ani­ma­cy as well.

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