Open-Access-Bücher zu den Sprachen & Kulturen Afrikas, Asiens und Ozeaniens

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Quranic Arabic: From its Hijazi Origins to its Classical Reading Traditions

Mar­i­jn van Put­ten |

What was the lan­guage of the Quran like, and how do we know? Today, the Quran is recit­ed in ten dif­fer­ent read­ing tra­di­tions, whose lin­guis­tic details are mutu­al­ly incom­pat­i­ble. This work uncov­ers the ear­li­est lin­guis­tic lay­er of the Quran. It demon­strates that the text was com­posed in the Hijazi ver­nac­u­lar dialect, and that in the cen­turies that fol­lowed dif­fer­ent reciters start­ed to clas­si­cize the text to a new lin­guis­tic ide­al, the ide­al of the ʿara­biyyah. This study com­bines data from ancient Quran­ic man­u­scripts, the medieval Ara­bic gram­mar­i­ans and ample data from the Quran­ic read­ing tra­di­tions to arrive at new insights into the lin­guis­tic his­to­ry of Quran­ic Ara­bic.

An Introduction to the Japonic Languages: Grammatical Sketches of Japanese Dialects and Ryukyuan Languages

Michi­nori Shi­mo­ji (Hrsg.) |

Japan­ese is def­i­nite­ly one of the best-known lan­guages in typo­log­i­cal lit­er­a­ture. For exam­ple, typol­o­gists often assume that Japan­ese is a nom­i­na­tive-accusative lan­guage. How­ev­er, it is often over­looked that Japan­ese, or more pre­cise­ly, Tokyo Japan­ese, is just one of var­i­ous local vari­eties of the Japon­ic lan­guage fam­i­ly (Japan­ese and Ryukyuan). In fact, the Japon­ic lan­guages exhib­it a sur­pris­ing typo­log­i­cal diver­si­ty. For exam­ple, some vari­eties dis­play a split-intran­si­tive as opposed to nom­i­na­tive-accusative sys­tem. The present vol­ume is thus a unique attempt to explore the typo­log­i­cal diver­si­ty of Japon­ic by pro­vid­ing a col­lec­tion of gram­mat­i­cal sketch­es of var­i­ous local vari­eties, four from Japan­ese dialects and five from Ryukyuan. Each gram­mat­i­cal sketch fol­lows the same descrip­tive for­mat, address­ing a wide range of typo­log­i­cal top­ics.

Descriptive and theoretical approaches to African linguistics

Galen Siban­da / Deo Ngonyani / Jonathan Choti / Ann Bier­stek­er &

Descrip­tive and The­o­ret­i­cal Approach­es to African Lin­guis­tics con­tains a selec­tion of revised and peer-reviewed papers from the 49th Annu­al Con­fer­ence on African Lin­guis­tics, held at Michi­gan State Uni­ver­si­ty in 2018. The con­tri­bu­tions from both stu­dents and more senior schol­ars, based in North Amer­i­ca, Africa and oth­er parts of the world, pro­vide a glimpse of the breadth and qual­i­ty of cur­rent research in African lin­guis­tics from both descrip­tive and the­o­ret­i­cal per­spec­tives. Fields of inter­est range from pho­net­ics, phonol­o­gy, mor­phol­o­gy, syn­tax, seman­tics to soci­olin­guis­tics, his­tor­i­cal lin­guis­tics, dis­course analy­sis, lan­guage doc­u­men­ta­tion, com­pu­ta­tion­al lin­guis­tics and beyond. The arti­cles reflect both the typo­log­i­cal and genet­ic diver­si­ty of lan­guages in Africa and the wide range of research areas cov­ered by pre­sen­ters at ACAL con­fer­ences.

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